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完美世界手游最新隐藏任务攻略:“大學”是“college”還是“university”?

2019-05-26 08:55:52  每日學英語
college vs. university

What is the difference between college and university? In everyday use, these terms are used interchangeably. In specific contexts, however, they have different meanings.

college和university有什么區別?在日常使用中,這兩個詞沒有特別明確的界限。但是,在某些特定的情況下,它們確實具有不同的含義。

What does college mean?

大學

College is a noun. In American English, it refers to undergraduate education or an undergraduate education institution.

College是一個名詞。在美式英語中,泛指本科教育或本科教育機構。

Colleges offer two- and four-year degrees in various subjects, and some may also offer graduate studies.

College可以授予多種學科的兩年制或四年制學位,也有一部分college可提供研究生學習。

In both American and British English, college could also refer to an individual school or program within a university.

美式和英式英語中,college也可以指大學內的個別院系或項目。


college: 多指大學內的學院,分科學院或科目較少的高等學校。

college life
大學生活

Williams College
威廉姆斯學院
是一所位于美國馬薩諸塞州威廉姆斯鎮的私立文理學院,為全美排名最佳的文理大學之一,校友不乏政商名流。

college of engineering
工學院,工程學院

college of liberal arts
人文學院;文學院

college of science
理學院


What does university mean?

大學

In both American and British English, university is a post-secondary institution that offers undergraduate and graduate degrees in a variety of subjects across several programs.

在美式和英式英語中,university是一所高等教育機構,可以授予多種學科的本科和研究生學位。

Beijing Normal University
北京師范大學

Peking University
北京大學


在我們認知范圍內的國內大學,一般都稱作university,大學里的院系叫做college,但是在歐美的教育體系中college的含義要比國內更多,某些專業性較強的大學他們也稱作college。如果只是單單籠統的說“大學”,在英語中university和college都是可以的。在美語中,“上大學”這個概念常用college這個詞。

例:

He intended to start his college education next year.

他打算明年開始上大學。

大學

記憶技巧

A university is a collection of specialized schools. A college is one school. Often, universities are comprised of several colleges.

University是一系列專業的綜合院校。而college是一所專門學科的院校。通常,universities由幾所colleges組成。

Just like the universe contains many schools, a university will usually also contain many schools. You can use the similarity between universe and university to remember the meaning of this word.

就像宇宙(universe)包含許多學校一樣,university通常也會包含許多學校。您可以使用宇宙(universe)和大學(university)之間的相似性來記住這個詞的含義。

大學

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